How do I summon the Greek and Norse Gods and Goddesses?

“my name is morris and I would like to know how to summon the gods cause there are questions I would like to ask and also you know get to know them I’m not doing this as a joke or insulting any one who is wiccan or polytheist cause I myself am a polytheist but are there any ingridents or words to call them I would like to know cause I would like to do this I would like to talk to both the Greek Gods and Goddess and Nores Gods and Goddess”


As a hard polytheist, I believe that each god and goddess is literally an individual deity. In soft polytheism, each god and goddess is an aspect of a greater, unknowable force. I’m going to assume from your question that you’re more of a hard polytheist than soft.

First, let me say that, as mortals, we don’t summon the gods; we request their presence. Each culture has its own understood methods. For example, libations and offerings were standard in all communications to the Greek gods. In calling Demeter, you would offer wheat or flowers at the altar before asking for her presence; after your request, you would follow with more offerings. It is always remembered and understood that we have no control over their actions.

Secondly, exactly how do you expect to see and speak with the gods? Unlike the fantastic stories in myths (or Xena and Hercules), the gods don’t literally walk up to us in this reality. In ritual, they may make their presence known or appear in a vision; they also contact us in dreams and meditations. Largely, the gods are far more subtle than popular culture might suggest. Repeatedly seeing the same symbol everywhere after asking for a god to speak to you can be a sign that they are indeed answering!

In approaching the gods, consider meditation first. I’ve found that it’s easiest to be open to their contact when my mind is cleared and focused on the task. Keep in mind, not all communication is in words. My first contact with a goddess via meditation was with Isis; she appeared during a meditation in flashes of images, but mostly she felt awe-inspiring as she guided me to another place in my inner world.

If ritual is more your style, research the cultures of those gods you wish to contact. We don’t randomly dial the phone numbers of strangers (except for prank calls); the same idea applies to calling out to deities. Why would a goddess answer your call if you know nothing about her? As resources, I would suggest sites like (Greek mythology) and (Norse paganism). Find out what kinds of offerings and approaches pagans have used in the past to contact the gods you wish to speak with; the people who have walked this path before you left useful experiences behind for you to learn from.

Larissa Lee

I understand that Paganism is an “umbrella” term as they say. But I’d like to know, if I believe that all things are part of the same whole or “God” classify as one or can be one?

“Hey! I understand that Paganism is an “umbrella” term as they say. But I’d like to know, if I believe that all things are part of the same whole or “God” classify as one or can be one? I don’t think that belief contradicts polytheism, just that any God/dess or being would be parts of this whole. And also, what are all the pagan symbols? I have Thor’s Hammer but I have no personal experience with him. Anything that’s just generally pagan?”


First I’d like to remind you that Paganism is not a form of religion or a set of beliefs. Instead, it is a set of “my own beliefs.” Modern Paganism is more of a philosophy of your own beliefs and practices – you make what you want of it. Its general practice is the belief in natural magick, nature, and energies of the Earth and Universe. Anything outside of that including the worship of a God or severals Gods, or the implementation of other religions or beliefs into that practice is all up to you.

In my own belief, the Universe is my “one” God. The Moon (Goddess) and the Sun (God) are aspects of the Universe and I see them “survival” energies for Earth and its inhabitants. All other gods act as “messengers” of the Universe and sometimes given certain abilities or gifts to control or give blessings over things; weather, harvest, health, birth, war, etc. So it’s really up to you on how you want to believe in deities, or even believe in them at all.

As far as symbols go; Thor’s Hammar isn’t necessarily Pagan, it’s Norse. But many Celtic Pagans/Wiccans use the symbol as part of their beliefs and practices. The general symbols of Paganism is obviously the Pentagram/Pentacle, among others like the Triquetra and the Triple Moon. A symbol Google search can be more elaborate.


Blessed Be

I’m an open minded Christian and I’m really into magic and I’ve come to the conclusion that I can practice magic and still remain a Christian – can I perform spells but only believe in one God? What form of magic would be best for my beliefs of one God?

“Hello I’m an open minded Christian and I’m really into magic and I’ve come to the conclusion that I can practice magic and still remain a Christian, but here is where I need help. When I research the practice of magic I get a bunch of Wiccan hits but everything I learned so far says that you can practice witchcraft without being a Wiccan is this true? Also a lot of spells and the such that if seen have references to god and goddess is it possible to perform these kind of spells but only believe in one God? What form of magic would be best for my beliefs of one God? And would I be able to choose a Wiccan path if I am not wiccan as a religion? I am so very confused by this and really need help.

Thank you, Travis”

Dear Travis,

Not too long ago I made a post about being a “Christian Wiccan” – I’ve said it then and I’ll say it now, it doesn’t work. By the sound of it, it seems, however, that you’re most interested in the magic and witchcraft aspect of Wicca and not so much Wicca itself. Witchcraft alone is magick-based, not religion. Anyone can practice Witchcraft and still be apart of whatever religion they’re apart of. However, you can’t just want to practice a monotheistic and a polytheistic religion together. Defeats the purpose of religion.

I take different aspects of a couple of religions, but they’re all polytheistic religions – that is doable. But what’s not doable is trying to be two religions that are literally on complete opposite sides of the religion spectrum. I’m sure there are many people who are going to argue and beg to differ, and list all the reasons on why and how Christianity and Wicca can relate. Well, yeah… Obviously it can if you look at it at certain angels. You can make demons and angels relate, hell and heaven, and practically anything else relate to each other. Why? Because all religions’ origins “grew” from the one, “first ever” religion – every religion, is some way, shape, or form have roots to every other religion. Whether it be in beliefs, rituals, practices, rules, morals, etc.

So anyway… As a Christian, Witchcraft is practicable. Though, as a Pagan (Heathen, or just as a spiritualist) you can have that title (or even the Wiccan title) and still believe in just one deity. Almost every Wiccan tradition/path is polytheistic and believes in the Goddess and God as THE highest deities, so if you don’t believe in that, then what are you? Well, I call myself a Pagan – not for today’s, modern day neo-paganism religion, but for the ancient ways and religions – the days of the Sumerians. To me, the one great creator of everything is the Universe – the Universe would be my “one God.” However, I also pray to the Goddess Moon and God Sun, because they’re life energies that help create and maintain our world.

To practice another religion and still be apart of something else is always difficult and confusing. Especially when  you’re lost and don’t really know what you want. However, over time the answer will become more and more clear as you grow, learn, and experience. For now, continue practicing Witchcraft. If you come across spells and rituals that call for the Goddess and God, or any other Wiccan deity terms or other gods, you can simply replace them or discard them all together. But even to perform spells, it’s not the wording that’s making the spell – it’s you. The words are simply guides to help you keep your mind focused on your intent. So to avoid confusion with the whole Wiccan thing in spells, you can cast word-less spells and simply use simple tools like herbs, plants, crystals, etc. to help you with your spells and rituals. You can read the post of writing your own spells here.

Hope that helped.

Blessed Be,