How do I summon the Greek and Norse Gods and Goddesses?

“my name is morris and I would like to know how to summon the gods cause there are questions I would like to ask and also you know get to know them I’m not doing this as a joke or insulting any one who is wiccan or polytheist cause I myself am a polytheist but are there any ingridents or words to call them I would like to know cause I would like to do this I would like to talk to both the Greek Gods and Goddess and Nores Gods and Goddess”


As a hard polytheist, I believe that each god and goddess is literally an individual deity. In soft polytheism, each god and goddess is an aspect of a greater, unknowable force. I’m going to assume from your question that you’re more of a hard polytheist than soft.

First, let me say that, as mortals, we don’t summon the gods; we request their presence. Each culture has its own understood methods. For example, libations and offerings were standard in all communications to the Greek gods. In calling Demeter, you would offer wheat or flowers at the altar before asking for her presence; after your request, you would follow with more offerings. It is always remembered and understood that we have no control over their actions.

Secondly, exactly how do you expect to see and speak with the gods? Unlike the fantastic stories in myths (or Xena and Hercules), the gods don’t literally walk up to us in this reality. In ritual, they may make their presence known or appear in a vision; they also contact us in dreams and meditations. Largely, the gods are far more subtle than popular culture might suggest. Repeatedly seeing the same symbol everywhere after asking for a god to speak to you can be a sign that they are indeed answering!

In approaching the gods, consider meditation first. I’ve found that it’s easiest to be open to their contact when my mind is cleared and focused on the task. Keep in mind, not all communication is in words. My first contact with a goddess via meditation was with Isis; she appeared during a meditation in flashes of images, but mostly she felt awe-inspiring as she guided me to another place in my inner world.

If ritual is more your style, research the cultures of those gods you wish to contact. We don’t randomly dial the phone numbers of strangers (except for prank calls); the same idea applies to calling out to deities. Why would a goddess answer your call if you know nothing about her? As resources, I would suggest sites like (Greek mythology) and (Norse paganism). Find out what kinds of offerings and approaches pagans have used in the past to contact the gods you wish to speak with; the people who have walked this path before you left useful experiences behind for you to learn from.

Larissa Lee


I understand that Paganism is an “umbrella” term as they say. But I’d like to know, if I believe that all things are part of the same whole or “God” classify as one or can be one?

“Hey! I understand that Paganism is an “umbrella” term as they say. But I’d like to know, if I believe that all things are part of the same whole or “God” classify as one or can be one? I don’t think that belief contradicts polytheism, just that any God/dess or being would be parts of this whole. And also, what are all the pagan symbols? I have Thor’s Hammer but I have no personal experience with him. Anything that’s just generally pagan?”


First I’d like to remind you that Paganism is not a form of religion or a set of beliefs. Instead, it is a set of “my own beliefs.” Modern Paganism is more of a philosophy of your own beliefs and practices – you make what you want of it. Its general practice is the belief in natural magick, nature, and energies of the Earth and Universe. Anything outside of that including the worship of a God or severals Gods, or the implementation of other religions or beliefs into that practice is all up to you.

In my own belief, the Universe is my “one” God. The Moon (Goddess) and the Sun (God) are aspects of the Universe and I see them “survival” energies for Earth and its inhabitants. All other gods act as “messengers” of the Universe and sometimes given certain abilities or gifts to control or give blessings over things; weather, harvest, health, birth, war, etc. So it’s really up to you on how you want to believe in deities, or even believe in them at all.

As far as symbols go; Thor’s Hammar isn’t necessarily Pagan, it’s Norse. But many Celtic Pagans/Wiccans use the symbol as part of their beliefs and practices. The general symbols of Paganism is obviously the Pentagram/Pentacle, among others like the Triquetra and the Triple Moon. A symbol Google search can be more elaborate.


Blessed Be

I’ve been interested in Wicca for many years, but I don’t necessarily believe or practice everything in Wicca, does that still make me Wiccan? And can I use Norse Gods for my deities?

“I have been extremely interested in Wicca for eight years now; I love the spirituality, the love for nature, the use of runes and stones… I don’t believe in ALL of it, but I don’t think that should keep me from wanting to call myself a Wiccan, should it? I’m also wondering about the deities used in Wicca; I don’t feel that strongly drawn towards Celtic deities my friends have told me about. Is it possible to use other figures (like Norse Gods) as deities (I’m strongly drawn to them) in Wicca?”

The thing about Wicca is that a lot of people don’t really have a full understanding of it, even those who’ve been practicing it for years. If you Google “what is wicca” you’re going to come upon websites made by everyday people explaining what Wicca is to THEM, so you’re going to get multiple different answers. Wicca itself is a very new religion. With its own set of guidelines and rules and how-to’s for specific things. Wicca’s official deities are the God (Sun/Sky) and Goddess (Moon/Earth) (Also known as Duotheistic Wicca). But you then also have Monotheistic Wiccans who believe that the God and Goddess are dual aspect of one “creator.” And then you have Polytheistic Wiccans who believe in multiple Gods and Goddesses and pantheons.

Whatever you want to call these different things or beliefs, the basis of Wicca is that there is dual belief in a masculine and feminine deity.

Many Wiccans may also work with different Gods and different pantheons at the same time. If your friend is telling you Wicca only follows Celtic deities, then they need to go educate themselves.

Wicca has a basic “this is what Wicca is and these are the basic rules” thing going on, the rest is up to you and what you want to take in or out – for the most part. Other than the masculine/feminine deity, Wiccans follow the Wiccan Rede “If it harms none, do what ye will.” And the practice of Magick in attempt to alter the natural world and alter mental and material conditions.

You have to remember that Wicca is a religion, so it has it’s basic layout set pretty much. Paganism, on the other hand, is more of a personal, self-path making. Many will say Paganism and Wicca is the same thing or have the same beliefs, practices, etc. From an angle, it may seem like it. I have my own definition of what Paganism is, just like everyone else – but it’s not a Wiccan religion.

So to simplify everything and answer your question simply… Yes. You can use the Norse Gods in your practice.

Blessed Be

For the Last couple of days i’ve had the huge black bird following me around every time i’m outside, and when i’m in the house it takes the form of a cat. I dont know what to think about it, I dont feel its evil. Opinions?

“For the Last couple of days i’ve had the huge black bird following me around every time i’m outside, and when i’m in the house its takes the form of a cat, i guess not the scare me? i dont know what to think about it, i dont feel its evil. and i’ve tired to find information on it but cant find anything, and i’d like a second opinion.”

Well, black birds are often omens. Depending on the culture involved, this can be good or bad. From my own culture, the Norse, ravens are the messengers and watchers of Odin. They bring him the news of the nine worlds. Cats too, can be both a positive and a negative.

First off I would say trust your instincts. If it doesn’t feel evil, it probably isn’t. That doesn’t mean it isn’t dangerous, but presuming it hasn’t attacked you, I think you’re okay. My first suggestion is to leave out offerings for it. Sometimes doing this can turn a neutral spirit into a friend, and a hostile one into a neutral. Do this for a while, like you would with a stray animal, if you wish it to remain. After that, try sitting quietly and see if it will “speak” to you.

When we have spirits following us it’s generally for simple reasons. They want to feed, they want to communicate, they are curious, or they’ve been sent. Determining which of these is key, as is acting accordingly. I would get some things for a banishing ritual just in case, but don’t use them just yet. Try communicating first. Rune stones, Tarot decks, and pendulums are good ways for easy communication with spirits. Just ask it what it wants and see how your medium responds. Only if the spirit gets hostile should you then try to banish it away.

Guest writer,
Lucius Svartwulf